Evaluate the environment-relevant aspects of transport processes
Give backing to marketing of environment-friendly products or processes
Provide support with environmental reporting and certification
Goal & Scope definition
The product or service to be assessed is defined, a functional basis for comparison is chosen and the required level of detail is defined.
An inventory analysis of extractions and emissions is performed. An inventory list of all the inputs and ouputs of a product or service.
The effects of the resource use and emissions generated are grouped and quantified into a limited number of impact categories which may then be weighted for importance.
The results are reported in the most informative way possible and the need and opportunities to reduce the impact of the product(s) or service(s) on the environment are systematically evaluated.
System boundaries (Goal & Scope)
Description of the product’s life cycle phases and the cut-off criteria delimiting the system under investigation.
Functional Unit (FU)
Reference unit of the system; environ-mental impacts are evaluated based on this unit. E.g. 1 kg product, annual output, 1kg*km, etc.
Life Cycle Inventory Analysis (LCIA)
Assembly and quanti-fication of inputs (resource and energy flows) and outputs (emissions and wastes) into and out of the system.
Evaluation of environmental impacts based on LCIA, and displaying the results in impact categories.
Interpretation and reporting
Displaying the environmental impacts of a report according to ISO 14040/44 standards.
Critical assessment by an independent expert to verify the data and to increase credibility of results.
- Global Warming Potential (GWP), expressed as CO2-equivalents [kg];
→ Global warming
- Acidification Potential, expressed as SO2 equivalents [kg];
→ Acid rain / forest decline;
- Eutrophication Potential, expressed as PO4 equivalents [kg];
→ Over-fertilization of the soil or water;
- Ozone Depletion Potential, expressed as R11 equivalents [kg];
→ Thinning of the ozone layer in the upper atmosphere;
- Photochemical Ozone Creation Potential (“Summer Smog”), expressed as ethene equiva-lents [kg];
→ Ozone formation in the lower atmosphere;
- Primary energy [MJ], renewable and fossil energy sources (on the input side)
Whirlpool had to overcome a number of product sustainability challenges. One of them...
Watch the webinar "Calculate your Packaging into the Sustainable Future!".