What is Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)?
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is the systematic analysis of the environmental impact of products during their entire life cycle.
The life cycle of a product comprises of production, use and disposal phases. Environmental impacts are evaluated throughout, also including the upstream and downstream processes associated with the production (e.g. production of raw, auxiliary and operating materials) and with the disposal (e.g. waste treatment). Environmental impacts refer to all relevant extractions from the environment (e.g. ores and crude oil), as well as emissions into the same (e.g. wastes and carbon dioxide).
The International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO), provides guidelines for conducting an Life Cycle Assessment within the series ISO 14040 and 14044.
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